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  • Data on the type, provenance, quantity (density), and rate of accumulation of beach-washed plastic debris were recorded on Henderson Island, a remote, uninhabited island in the South Pacific during 29 May – 15 August 2015. Henderson Island is rarely visited by humans, thus debris on the islands' beaches may act as a proxy for the adjacent South Pacific Ocean. The island was found to contain the highest density of debris anywhere in the world, up to 671.6 items/m2 (mean ± SD: 239.4 ± 347.3 items/m2 on the surface of the beaches. Approximately 68% of debris (up to 4,496.9 pieces/m2) was buried <10 cm in the beach sediment. Up to 26.8 new items/m are thought to accumulate daily.

  • We utilize the sea level fingerprint module - ISSM’s Solid Earth and Sea level Adjustment Workbench (ISSM-SESAW), developed by NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), to provide high-resolution sea level fingerprints in response to future polar ice sheet mass changes in the 21st century under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. We also explore the sensitivity of sea level fingerprints to different 1-D elastic Earth models and the spatial resolution at which mass change of polar ice sheets is resolved. Furthermore, sea level contributions by individual polar ice sheet basins in the 21st century are also estimated for some coastal cities of interest (e.g., Perth) in this research.

  • Data for the project -Investigating the source of the high nitrate, low oxygen layer in the Leeuwin Current- is including in the file. The data include CTD data, ADCP data and Triaxus data from RV Investigator (Voyage IN2019_V03). Also the Sea Surface Height satellite data and CSIRO Atlas of Regional Seas (CARS) data are included as the supporting data. The MATLAB code including the code that calculate the rotated velocity and the transport of the EGC current in upper 300m including volume transport, salinity transport, heat transport and oxygen transport. The nitrate data from Triaxus is uncompleted and will be upload later with the code for calculating the nitrate transport.

  • This dataset consist of dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature data collected using HOBO Dissolved Oxygen loggers (U26-001) under FRDC project 2016-067. Loggers are deployed on strings in two locations in Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania.

  • In situ time-lapse photography was used to characterise movement and feeding preferences of the Pacific crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster cf. solaris) in the northern and southern Great Barrier Reef in 2015. This record describes the data accompanying the publication (in press): Homing behaviour by destructive crown-of-thorns starfish is triggered by local availability of coral prey. Data files are: 1) CoTS movement and behavioural observations 2) CoTS individual movement tracks (per image) from time-lapse photography 3) feeding electivity on coral species by CoTS from time-lapse photography

  • Latex balloons act like plastic in the ocean: they can travel far from their point of origin on atmospheric and water currents and float at the sea surface where they can be eaten by wildlife that mistake it for food. This study quantified the degradation behaviours of latex balloons in saltwater, freshwater, and industrial compost windrows over 16 weeks. The degradation of latex balloons was quantified with bi-weekly measurements of 1) changes in mass; 2) ultimate tensile strength; and 3) changes in surficial composition of balloons via attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). This study tested whether degradation differed between two balloon colours (blue and white) and whether degradation differed between balloons whose packaging labels included the word "biodegradable" and balloons whose packaging did not contain the word "biodegradable", and were thus labeled as "traditional" balloons. Thus, these data consist of 1) mass measurements; 2) load-extension data used to determine ultimate tensile strength; and 3) ATR-FTIR spectra of latex balloons across the variables balloon type (biodegradable; traditional), colour (blue; white), and week sampled (0-16 weeks). Also included are measurements of balloons that did not undergo treatments and are either straight out of the package ("new") or balloons that were inflated but did not undergo any treatments ("inflated").

  • Intraspecific variation in the thermal tolerance of microscopic giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) sporophytes was tested using a common garden experiment, where 49 unique family-lines were raised under four different water temperatures (12, 16, 20, and 24°C). The unique family-lines were taken from ongoing giant kelp gametophyte cultures held at IMAS, and represented F1 offspring from seven 'selfed' individuals collected from 6 sites across ~250km in Tasmania, Australia, in addition to a site-level cross from each of the sites, and a panmictic cross using the 42 pure family lines. Survivorship of the selected warm-adapted family-lines after outplanting trials at restoration sites can be found here with the associated dataset "NESP Marine Hub Project E7 outplanted kelp survivorship".

  • Trace element (TE) concentrations of juvenile Short-tailed Shearwaters collected on Great Dog Island, Tasmanian in 2017.

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    The dataset was collected on the research voyage (IN2018_V05 on RV Investigator) and from satellite observations. The dataset includes in-situ data and satellite data collected at the Polar Front (PF) south of Tasmania in a region where the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) has a permanent meander upstream of the Macquarie Ridge. This study characterises the upwelling of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) in a standing meander of the ACC in the PF south of Tasmania and investigates the submesoscale processes associated with upwelling.

  • Antarctic Landfast sea ice (fast ice) is important climatologically, biologically and for logistics for short time-scale anomalies. Until recently, there hasn’t been an accurate, high-resolution fast ice extent dataset which can support an analysis on drivers of fast ice and most studies only investigate fast ice on limited regions of Antarctica in a limited time scale. There is a need to extend the spatial and temporal studying coverage to provide detailed information on the Antarctic coast over a longer period. This is the first detailed analysis to identify and quantify correlation between the environmental anomaly and fast ice anomaly mainly in the east Antarctic coast. By examining regional/local fast ice extent in in east Antarctic coast in the context of the broader and/or remote-teleconnected atmospheric circulation/properties using spatial correlation techniques, a strong correlation between NINO3 region and Lützow-Holm Bay fast ice and similar and significant correlation of regional scale factors from Lützow-Holm Bay to Mawson Coast mainly are found. The results of this thesis suggest that the pack ice, atmospheric factors and oceanic factors are important for interpreting fast ice anomalies. To identify and quantify correlation between the pack ice, temperature at 2m, wind at 10m, snow fall anomaly, sea surface temperature anomaly, ocean heat content anomaly and fast ice anomaly, backward multiple linear regression is conducted to demonstrate some predictive fast ice driver information by quantifying the correlation between different drivers and fast ice anomaly. The multiple linear regression also suggests that oceanic influences including pack ice are generally more important than atmospheric influences. Future experiments could be conducted to interpret fast ice anomalies in the context of the ocean mainly.