Pressure (measured variable) in the water body exerted by overlying sea water only

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  • The aim of the project was to determine the particulate organic carbon concentration in coastal polynyas and off-shelf sites south of the Polar Front. Data is collected from the CTD deployed at various stations. This record descripbes three datafiles. (1) POC_data: station, pressure, temperature, conductivity, salinity, PAR, total beam attenuation coefficients (c), attenuation by particles (cp), site, particulate organic carbon concentration (from optical measurements), rho, longitude and latitude. (2) Ammonium: station, pressure, site, ammonium, latitude, longitude (3) POC_PON_ratio: site, depth, particulate organic carbon concentration (measured) particulate organic nitrogen concentration (measured), C:N ratio.

  • This dataset contains the input and output data for an extended optimum multiparameter analysis (eOMP). Input data for parameters are given (temperature, salinity, oxygen, nitrate, phosphate and silicate), as obtained from the cited CSIRO open access CTD bottle data for the 2018 SR3 occupation. Output parameters are the proportional contribution of 8 water masses that were defined in the eOMP analysis. The output remineralization estimate, Delta-O, is also given. All data are referenced to depth and geographical position (latitude, longitude) from corresponding CTD bottle data. The eOMP used here was configured following Pardo et al. (2017). Details on the equations, parameterization and end-members that characterize the regional oceanography can also be found in the Supplementary Materials of Traill et al. (2023), including the robustness of the OMP analysis and the uncertainties of both the SWTs’ contributions and the ΔO parameter (Sections S1.2 and S1.3, Table S1, Table S2, Table S3).

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    Water temperature, averaged across the water column, in Storm Bay followed a distinct seasonal cycle each year, reaching a low of 9 °C and a high of ~ 19 °C. Warmest temperatures were in February, followed by a gradual cooling throughout autumn to a winter minimum in August, then increasing again during spring. Across the sites, the median temperature varied little, with site 3, the most marine of the sites, showing the least spread in values. Median salinity varied little across Storm Bay, being slightly higher at sites 3 and 6, highlighting the marine nature of site 3 and the patterns of seawater circulation in Storm Bay. The lowest salinities were recorded at site 1, where less saline surface waters flow into the bay from the Derwent Estuary. Seasonally, salinity was highest in autumn, with slightly fresher water present in Storm Bay in spring. Some lower salinity values were recorded in July and August, suggesting the presence of less saline subantarctic water flowing into the bay, or freshwater flow from the Derwent. Glider transects show slight lower salinity in summer, then mild stratification in autumn to spring, especially in the shallow regions near the mouth of the Derwent.