An environmental classification developed in conjunction with the NSW Marine Parks Authority Research Committee. For more
information see: Breen D.A. and R.P. Avery. (2002). Broad-scale biodiversity assessment of the Manning Shelf marine bioregion.
Draft final report for the NSW Marine Parks Authority. Copies of the report may be borrowed from the library: Environment
Australia, GPO Box 787, Canberra ACT 2601 Australia.
This coverage is intended for used in regional level marine conservation assessment. It was prepared using very low cost
techniques (ie. unrectified API) and should not be relied upon for navigation purposes.
This represents an historic dataset providing transparency on the 2002 marine park systematic planning process. This product
is one of three related datasets used in the assessment process: "NSW Ocean Ecosystems 2002", "NSW Estuarine Ecosystems
2002" & "NSW Marine Habitats 2002"
This record describes the environmental classification of nine habitat surrogates (mangrove, seagrass, saltmarsh, subtidal
sediment, beach, intertidal rocky shore, subtidal reef and island). The full study also describes classes for each of the
five major estuary ecosystems, and the four ocean ecosystems classified by depth.
Seagrass, Mangrove and Saltmarsh Habitats: Distributions of seagrass, mangrove and saltmarsh habitats were estimated from
a GIS coverage digitised by the NPWS from maps of estuarine vegetation produced by West et al. (1985).
Intertidal Rocky Shore Habitats: A linear GIS coverage of intertidal rocky shore was prepared by defining lengths of rocky
shore along the AMBIS (Australian Land Information Group's Australian Marine Baseline Information System) high water coastline
using 1:25,000 topographic maps provided by the NSW Land and Property Information Centre (LPI). Areas of intertidal rocky
shore were mapped as the difference between high and low water AMBIS coastlines and 1:10,000 scale aerial photographs provided
Intertidal Beach Habitats: A linear GIS coverage of the length of individual ocean beaches was derived by splitting the
AMBIS high water coastline according to digitised 1: 25,000 topographic maps (provided by LPI). Individual beaches were
then classified according to Short (1993). Areas of intertidal beaches were mapped as the difference between the AMBIS high
and low water GIS ocean coastlines and individual beaches identified using 1:10,000 scale aerial photographs (provided by
Island Habitats: Islands and rocks were mapped using the AMBIS GIS low water coastline and emergent rocks. An 100 m buffer
was extended around the low water mark to represent the pelagic zone around islands and rocks. These areas were categorised
into those within 1 km of the shore and those greater than 1 km offshore.
Subtidal Reef Habitats: Two separate methods were used to define prominent reef habitats. Two additional reef mapping methods
were investigated, but were not fully implemented in the assessment. Shallow near-shore reef systems were mapped from existing
unrectified 1:10,000 - 1:25,000 scale aerial photographs, held by the NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation. Reef
boundaries and intervening sediment patches were mapped to a depth of 10-20 m depending on sea conditions at the time the
photographs were taken. This OEH Spatial Data Catalog Online Access - OEH | 2016-02-09 | 3 / 3 coverage of mostly inshore
reefs was supplemented (particularly in deeper offshore waters) with an additional GIS map coverage derived from the commercially
available nautical chart series (Australian Hydrographic Service, 1:150,000 scale charts).
Subtidal Sediment Habitats: Nearshore subtidal sediment was mapped using aerial photo interpretation as described for the
mapping of nearshore subtidal reef systems. However no attempt was made to classify sediment types within the nearshore zone
or to delineate the remaining areas of soft sediment beyond the nearshore zone or in estuaries as little digital information